Sexual violence is an all-encompassing, non-legal term that refers to crimes like sexual assault, rape, and sexual abuse.
The perpetrator may be a stranger, acquaintance, friend, family member, or intimate partner. Forms of sexual violence can include: rape or sexual assault, child sexual assault and incest, intimate partner sexual assault, unwanted sexual contact/touching, sexual harassment, sexual exploitation, showing one’s genitals or naked body to other(s) without consent, masturbating in public or watching someone in a private act without their knowledge or permission
Sexual assault is any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient. Falling under the definition of sexual assault are sexual activities as forced sexual intercourse, forcible sodomy, child molestation, incest, fondling, and attempted rape.
Human Trafficking is defined as a form of modern-day slavery where people profit from the exploitation of others. Human traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion against victims to manipulate them into engaging in commercial sex acts, or labor/services in exchange for something of monetary value (money, safety, transportation). When victims of human trafficking are minors, force, fraud, or coercion is not necessary. Generally, we think of victims of trafficking as foreign-born, but often they are U.S. citizens. There is also not a requirement of transportation in human trafficking.1
Areas of Impact
- FBI: Department of Justice 2017 Crime in the United States report